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Steven Calabresi & Lena Barsky: An Originalist Defense of Plyler v. Doe
Michael Ramsey

In the BYU Law Review, Steven G. Calabresi & Lena M. Barsky: An Originalist Defense of Plyler v. Doe (2017 BYU L. Rev. 225 (2017)).  Here is the abstract:

This Article offers a defense of the Supreme Court’s opinion in Plyler v. Doe based on the original public meaning of the Fourteenth Amendment when it was enacted in 1868. We argue that at that time, the Fourteenth Amendment granted certain rights, such as life, liberty, and possession of personal property, to immigrants under the Equal Protection and Due Process Clauses, but did not grant them the privileges and immunities of citizenship (e.g. all civil rights and the political right to vote). We also argue that public education is a right of all persons protected by the Due Process and Equal Protection Clauses and was protected at the time of the Fourteenth Amendment’s ratification. We thus conclude that the Fourteenth Amendment granted a free public school education to both citizens and immigrants from July 9, 1868, onward.